VAW is partly a result of gender relations that assumes men superior to women. Deaths of women are extreme outcome of ill treatment, physiological abuse, or physical violence, suffered by women.
Mimesis, Violence, and Facebook: At first glance, the symposium resembled many others held at American universities in the early s: As one examines the list of participants, one name Violence as a social convention essay out: Peter Thiel, not, like the rest, a university professor, but at the time the President of Clarium Capital.
But to what ends? Girard, a French Catholic pacifistwould have likely found little common ground with most Trump delegates. Leo Strauss, a cult figure in some conservative circles, and a guru to some members of the Bush administration; and Carl Schmitt, a onetime Nazi who has nevertheless been influential among academics of both the right and the left.
What made Thiel see the potential of Facebook before anyone else? Mimetic theory has not been widely applied in social analyses of the internet, perhaps in part because Girard himself had essentially nothing to say about technology in his published oeuvre.
Meme theory tends to reify memes, separating them from the social contexts in which their circulation is embedded. Girard, in contrast, situates imitative behaviors within a general social theory of desire.
For Girard, what distinguishes desire from instinct is its mediated form: There is some continuity with familiar strands of psychoanalytic theory here.
There is nothing spontaneous, nothing natural, about human desires. Our desires are artificial. We have to be taught to desire. We desire what others desire because we imitate their desires.
Moreover, for Girard, the relation to the object of desire is secondary to the relation between the two desiring subjects — which can eclipse the object, reducing it to the status of a prop or pretext. The possible applications of this thinking to social media in particular should be relatively obvious.
The structures of social platforms mediate the presentation of objects: The accumulation of such signals, in turn, renders objects more visible: Desire begets desire, much in the manner that Girard describes.
Moreover, social media platforms perpetually enjoin users, through various means, to enter the iterative chain of mimesis: The algorithms driving social media, as it turns out, are programmed on mimetic principles.
Yet it is not simply that the signaling of desire for example, by liking a post happens to produce relations with others, but that the true aim of the signaling of desire through posting, liking, commenting, etc.
This is what meme theory obscures and mimetic theory makes clear: Recall that for Girard, the desire for any object is always enmeshed in social linkages, insofar as the desire only comes about in the first place through the mediation of the other.
Social media have not, as the popular hype sometimes implies, altered the structures that underlie social relations.
They merely render certain aspects of them more obvious. According to Girard, what stands in the way of the discovery of mimetic desire is not its obscurity or complexity, but the seeming triviality of the behaviors that reveal it: All are too embarrassing to seem socially, much less politically, significant.
Facebook, then, was not simply a prescient and well-rewarded investment for Thiel, but a political act closely connected to other well-known actions, from founding the national security-oriented startup Palantir Technologies to suing Gawker and supporting Trump.
As a result, desires converge on the same objects, and selves become rivals and doubles, struggling for the same sense of full being, which each subject suspects the other of possessing. The resulting conflicts cascade across societies because the mimetic structure of behavior also means that violence replicates itself rapidly.
The entire community becomes mired in reciprocal aggression. While these cathartic acts of mob violence initially occurred spontaneously, as Girard argues in his book Violence and the Sacred, they later became codified in ritual, which reenacts collective violence in a controlled manner, and in myth, which recounts it in veiled forms.
Religion, the sacred, and the state, for Girard, emerged out of this violent purgation of violence from the community. However, he argues, the modern era is characterized by a discrediting of the scapegoat mechanism, and therefore of sacrificial ritual, which creates a perennial problem of how to contain violence.
For Girard, to wield power is to control the mechanisms by which the mimetic violence that threatens the social order is contained, channeled, and expelled. It is unclear to what degree Girard regards this conviction as reconcilable with an acceptance of modern secular governance, founded as it is by the state monopoly on violence.
Schmitt and Girard both see violence as fundamental to the social order, but they draw opposite conclusions from that finding: Monarchy, he hypothesizes, has its origins in the role of the sacrificed scapegoat as the unifier and redeemer of the community; it developed when scapegoats managed to delay their own ritual murder and secured a fixed place at the center of a society.The Elimination Of Violence Against Women Social Work Essay.
The most broadly defined of violence against women (VAW) is provided by the Fourth World Conference on Women, General Assembly Declaration of the Elimination of Violence against Women (resolution48/ of December ).
Violence can be broadly divided into three broad categories – direct violence, structural violence and cultural violence. Thus defined and delineated, it is of note, as Hyndman says, that "geography came late to theorizing violence"  .
The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have human rights too. UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November and .
Does violence in the media affect people’s social behaviour? A lot of research has been done on this matter. Even though the mass media cannot be solely blamed for the increase in violence this century, it is clear that the development has coincided with an increase in violence shown on television and video.
Youth & Gang Violence Essay It is also going to investigate how these theories try to explain the phenomenon of gang violence. Social Structure Theory Social structure theorists believe that the key elements to criminal behavior are the dominance of social and economic influences that are prominent in rundown neighborhoods where the.
Essay on Youth Violence and Media There has been a lot of research conducted on the notions that violence portrayed in media - such as television, video, film, music, newspapers and books - can have adverse effects on the children viewing it.