Perseverance of the saints I personally disagree with the Calvinist way of thinking and wrote about it in my blog. Conclusion In conclusion I would like to review a few main points. First because of the blogs I feel that my expression of myself through writing has improved tenfold.
This is evident by the early colonial documents such as the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut and the Massachusetts Body of Liberties Two native-born Americans, Samuel Johnson and Jonathan Edwardswere first influenced by these philosophers; they then adapted and extended their Enlightenment ideas to develop their own American theology and philosophy.
Both were originally ordained Puritan Congregationalist ministers who embraced much of the new learning of the Enlightenment. Both were Yale educated and Berkeley influenced idealists who became influential college presidents.
Both were influential in the development of American political philosophy and the works of the Founding Fathers. But Edwards based his reformed Puritan theology on Calvinist doctrine, while Johnson converted to the Anglican episcopal religion the Church of Englandthen based his new American moral philosophy on William Wollaston's Natural Religion.
Late in the century, Scottish Innate or Common Sense Realism replaced the native schools of these two rivals in the college philosophy curricula of American colleges; it would remain the dominant philosophy in American academia up to the Civil War. They were first opened and studied by an eighteen-year-old graduate student from Guilford, Connecticutthe young American Samuel Johnsonwho had also just found Views transcendentalism versus puritanism looking sinners read Lord Francis Bacon 's Advancement of Learning.
Johnson wrote in his Autobiography, "All this was like a flood of day to his low state of mind" and that "he found himself like one at once emerging out of the glimmer of twilight into the full sunshine of open day.
He began to teach the Enlightenment curriculum there, and thus began the American Enlightenment. One of his students for a brief time was a fifteen-year-old Jonathan Edwards. Jonathan Edwards Jonathan Edwards is considered to be "America's most important and original philosophical theologian.
The non-material mind consists of understanding and will, and it is understanding, interpreted in a Newtonian framework, that leads to Edwards' fundamental metaphysical category of Resistance. Whatever features an object may have, it has these properties because the object resists.
Resistance itself is the exertion of God's power, and it can be seen in Newton's laws of motionwhere an object is "unwilling" to change its current state of motion; an object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will remain in motion.
Though Edwards reformed Puritan theology using Enlightenment ideas from natural philosophy, and Locke, Newton, and Berkeley, he remained a Calvinist and hard determinist. Jonathan Edwards also rejected the freedom of the willsaying that "we can do as we please, but we cannot please as we please.
Enlightenment[ edit ] While the 17th- and early 18th-century American philosophical tradition was decidedly marked by religious themes and the Reformation reason of Ramus, the 18th century saw more reliance on science and the new learning of the Age of Enlightenmentalong with an idealist belief in the perfectibility of human beings through teaching ethics and moral philosophylaissez-faire economicsand a new focus on political matters.
So he crafted one. Johnson's moral philosophy was influenced by Descartes and Locke, but more directly by William Wollaston 's Religion of Nature Delineated and the idealist philosopher of George Berkeley, with whom Johnson studied while Berkley was in Rhode Island between and Johnson strongly rejected Calvin's doctrine of Predestination and believed that people were autonomous moral agents endowed with freewill and Lockean natural rights.
His fusion philosophy of Natural Religion and Idealism, which has been called "American Practical Idealism",  was developed as a series of college textbooks in seven editions between and These works, and his dialogue Raphael, or The Genius of the English America, written at the time of the Stamp Act crisisgo beyond his Wollaston and Berkeley influences;  Raphael includes sections on economicspsychologythe teaching of children, and political philosophy.
His moral philosophy is defined in his college textbook Elementa Philosophica as "the Art of pursuing our highest Happiness by the practice of virtue".
It was influential in its day: Three members of the Committee of Five who edited the Declaration of Independence were closely connected to Johnson: Founders' political philosophy[ edit ] Portrait of Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt PealeAbout the time of the Stamp Actinterest rose in civil and political philosophy.
In continuing with the chief concerns of the Puritans in the 17th century, the Founding Fathers debated the interrelationship between God, the state, and the individual.Transcendentalism has its roots in the eastern United States from Puritanism and Romanticism during the s.
The Puritans’ original goal was to purify the Anglican church and to mold it in an. Edwards’ “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Thursday: Views of Harlem—Past and Present Poets. Student presentation of Countee Cullen. Countee Cullen’s poem, “From a Dark Tower. National jingoism and provinciality versus the celebration of international culture.
4. Puritanical and repressive elements versus freer. Other philosophical themes in literature include: various conceptions of life, different visions of cosmic order, man’s relation to nature, free will versus determinism, commitment, the search for personal identity, faith, gender, authenticity, the significance of death, and the loss of meaning.
(RL,RI, W)After reading excerpts from "Sinners in the Hands of An Angry God,” write an argument that explains why you think early settlers were persuaded by Edwards’s sermon. emotion and individual liberty.
Transcendentalism suggests that each object can be viewed as a miniature version of the entire universe.
As more. Dec 02, · While the works of Thoreau are grounded in Transcendentalism, this philosophy is, in turn, indebted to the legacy of New England Puritanism. The Transcendentalists, in championing their ideology, made use of certain Puritan ideas.
prose_contemporary Walker Percy Love in the Ruins: The Adventures of a Bad Catholic at a Time Near the End of the World “A great adventure. So outrageous and so real, one is left speechless.” — Chicago Sun Times In Walker Percy’s future America, the country is on the brink of disaster.