One social ideal of the Renaissance was Humanism. Humanism was a Renaissance idea that emphasis human potential and ability. A political idea from the Renaissance was political realism. Political realism is when a ruler accomplishes goals in the interest of state and does not mind resorting to violence if necessary.
References and Further Reading 1. Aristotelianism Improved access to a great deal of previously unknown literature from ancient Greece and Rome was an important aspect of Renaissance philosophy. The renewed study of Aristotlehowever, was not so much because of the rediscovery of unknown texts, but because of a renewed interest in texts long translated into Latin but little studied, such as the Poeticsand especially because of novel approaches to well-known texts.
From the early fifteenth century onwards, humanists devoted considerable time and energy to making Aristotelian texts clearer and more precise.
The availability of these new interpretative tools had a great impact on the philosophical debate. Moreover, in the four decades afterthe Aristotelian interpretations of Alexander of Aphrodisias, Themistius, Ammonius, Philoponus, Simplicius, and other Greek commentators were added to the views of Arabic and medieval commentators, stimulating new solutions to Aristotelian problems and leading to a wide variety of interpretations of Aristotle in the Renaissance period.
Among the defenders of his theory that there is only one intellect for all human beings, we find Paul of Venice d. Two other Renaissance Aristotelians who expended much of their philosophical energies on explicating the texts of Averroes are Nicoletto Vernia d. They are noteworthy characters in the Renaissance controversy about the immortality of the soul mainly because of the remarkable shift that can be discerned in their thought.
Many Renaissance Aristotelians read Aristotle for scientific or secular reasons, with no direct interest in religious or theological questions. Pietro Pomponazzi —one of the most important and influential Aristotelian philosophers of the Renaissance, developed his views entirely within the framework of natural philosophy.
In his view, no such activity can be found because the highest activity of the intellect, the attainment of universals in cognition, is always mediated by sense impression. Therefore, based solely on philosophical premises and Aristotelian principles, the conclusion is that the entire soul dies with the body.
Inhe completed De naturalium effectuum causis sive de incantationibus On the Causes of Natural Effects or On Incantationswhose main target was the popular belief that miracles are produced by angels and demons. He excluded supernatural explanations from the domain of nature by establishing that it is possible to explain those extraordinary events commonly regarded as miracles in terms of a concatenation of natural causes.
Another substantial work is De fato, de libero arbitrio et de praedestinatione Five Books on Fate, Free Will and Predestinationwhich is regarded as one of the most important works on the problems of freedom and determinism in the Renaissance. Pomponazzi considers whether the human will can be free, and he considers the conflicting points of view of philosophical determinism and Christian theology.
His goal was the retrieval of the genuine Aristotelian concepts of science and scientific method, which he understood as the indisputable demonstration of the nature and constitutive principles of natural beings. He developed the method of regressus, a combination of the deductive procedures of composition and the inductive procedures of resolution that came to be regarded as the proper method for obtaining knowledge in the theoretical sciences.
Among his main works are the collected logical works Opera logicawhich are mainly devoted to the theory of demonstration, and his major work on natural philosophy, De rebus naturalibus There were also forms of Aristotelian philosophy with strong confessional ties, such as the branch of Scholasticism that developed on the Iberian Peninsula during the sixteenth century.
Their most important writings were in the areas of metaphysics and philosophy of law. Humanism The humanist movement did not eliminate older approaches to philosophy, but contributed to change them in important ways, providing new information and new methods to the field.
Humanists called for a radical change of philosophy and uncovered older texts that multiplied and hardened current philosophical discord. Some of the most salient features of humanist reform are the accurate study of texts in the original languages, the preference for ancient authors and commentators over medieval ones, and the avoidance of technical language in the interest of moral suasion and accessibility.
Humanists stressed moral philosophy as the branch of philosophical studies that best met their needs. They addressed a general audience in an accessible manner and aimed to bring about an increase in public and private virtue.During the Renaissance, humanism effected political philosophy, art and religious change.
First, political philosophy was severely changed during the Renaissance due to humanism. Niccolo Machiavelli of Florence, Italy was the main source of change. Political battles, internal to Europe, were now increasingly played out on the international stage.
The movement of migrants and refugees also destabilized long-held institutions; changes in politics were responding to this new found diversity. Niccolo Machiavelli was a political philosopher of the Renaissance - Niccolo Machiavelli Essay introduction.
He lived from He lived from Niccolo Machiavelli was besides a really celebrated painter in his clip. Machiavelli was a Florentine political theorist and also a statesman. Though considered a controversial figure in political history, he has been identified as exclusive in his influence during the renaissance especially due to his manual in , the prince.
There were many different faiths that appeared during the Renaissance period. Christianity. Puritanism. and Protestantism will be discussed in this paper. The functions that these faiths played on the civilizations and theaters of this period will besides be discussed. Christianity replaced Roman Catholicism rather rapidly.
and played the most influential function on how society regarded. Niccoló Machiavelli wrote The Prince in , but it wasn’t published until , five years after his death. This portrait of the author, by Santi di Tito, hangs in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy.