From this ancient Greek tradition emerged the need, for anyone who aspired to understand the deeper realities, to think systematically, to trace implications broadly and deeply, for only thinking that is comprehensive, well-reasoned, and responsive to objections can take us beyond the surface.
A number of homework problems have been included that are designed to enhance critical thinking skills. Critical thinking is the process we use to reflect on, access and judge the assumptions underlying our own and others ideas and actions.
Socratic questioning is at the heart of critical thinking and a number of homework problems draw from R. Paul's six types of Socratic questions: Why do you say that? How does this relate to our discussion?
Questions that probe assumptions: What could we assume instead? How can you verify or disapprove that assumption? Questions that probe reasons and evidence: What would be an example? What do you think causes to happen?
Questions about Viewpoints and Perspectives: What would be an alternative? What is another way to look at it? Would you explain why it is necessary or beneficial, and who benefits? Why is the best? What are the strengths and weaknesses of?
What is a counterargument for? Questions that probe implications and consequences: What generalizations can you make?
What are the consequences of that assumption? What are you implying? Questions about the question: What was the point of this question?
Why do you think I asked this question?Socrates critical thinking quote.
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The Socratic Method. Socrates ( BC) was a Greek philosopher who sought to get to the foundations of his students' and colleagues' views by asking continual questions until a contradiction was exposed, thus proving the fallacy of the initial assumption.
The Socratic questioner acts as the logical equivalent of the inner critical voice which the mind develops when it develops critical thinking abilities. The contributions from the members of the class are like so many thoughts in the mind. The intellectual roots of critical thinking are as ancient as its etymology, traceable, ultimately, to the teaching practice and vision of Socrates 2, years ago who discovered by a method of probing questioning that people could not rationally justify their confident claims to knowledge.
Socratic questioning, also known as the Socratic Method, is a technique designed to encourage critical thinking. Often used in cognitive behavioural therapy. Socratic questioning and critical thinking The art of Socratic questioning is intimately connected with critical thinking because the art of questioning is important to excellence of thought.
Socrates argued for the necessity of probing individual knowledge, and acknowledging what one may not know or understand.