What are the 95 Theses of Martin Luther?
Ninety-five Theses The first thesis has become famous. Theses 14—16 discuss the idea that the punishment of purgatory can be likened to the fear and despair felt by dying people.
He denies that the pope has any power over people in purgatory in theses 25 and He sees it as encouraging sinful greed, and says it is impossible to be certain because only God has ultimate power in forgiving punishments in purgatory. Since no one knows whether a person is truly repentant, a letter assuring a person of his forgiveness is dangerous.
In theses 35 and 36, he attacks the idea that an indulgence makes repentance unnecessary. This leads to the conclusion that the truly repentant person, who alone may benefit from the indulgence, has already received the only benefit the indulgence provides.
Truly repentant Christians have already, according to Luther, been forgiven of the penalty as well as the guilt of sin. Theses 39 and 40 argue that indulgences make true repentance more difficult.
Here he begins to use the phrase, "Christians are to be taught In theses 48—52 Luther takes the side of the pope, saying that if the pope knew what was being preached in his name he would rather St.
He states that everyday Christians do not understand the doctrine and are being misled. For Luther, the true treasure of the church is the gospel of Jesus Christ.
This treasure tends to be hated because it makes "the first last",  in the words of Matthew The preachers have been promoting indulgences as the greatest of the graces available from the church, but they actually only promote greed. Luther states that indulgences cannot take away the guilt of even the lightest of venial sins.
He labels several other alleged statements of the indulgence preachers as blasphemy: He presents these as difficult objections his congregants are bringing rather than his own criticisms.
How should he answer those who ask why the pope does not simply empty purgatory if it is in his power? What should he say to those who ask why anniversary masses for the deadwhich were for the sake of those in purgatory, continued for those who had been redeemed by an indulgence?
Luther claimed that it seemed strange to some that pious people in purgatory could be redeemed by living impious people. Luther also mentions the question of why the pope, who is very rich, requires money from poor believers to build St. Luther claims that ignoring these questions risks allowing people to ridicule the pope.
Enduring punishment and entering heaven is preferable to false security. Holding such a debate was a privilege Luther held as a doctor, and it was not an unusual form of academic inquiry. Karlstadt posted his theses at a time when the relics of the church were placed on display, and this may have been considered a provocative gesture.
Around this time, he began using the name "Luther" and sometimes "Eleutherius", Greek for "free", rather than "Luder". This seems to refer to his being free from the scholastic theology which he had argued against earlier that year.
Elizabeth Eisenstein has argued that his claimed surprise at their success may have involved self-deception and Hans Hillerbrand has claimed that Luther was certainly intending to instigate a large controversy.Sources for and against the Posting of the Ninety-Five Theses for and against the posting of the Theses.
As their own publications make clear, the authors have diff erent points of view on this issue, [95 Theses. May 31, · In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the .
Nevertheless, papal remission and blessing are by no means to be disregarded, for they are, as I have said (Thesis 6), the proclamation of the divine remission. It is very difficult, even for the most learned theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the bounty of indulgences and the need of true contrition.
Martin Luther's posting of the 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg on 31 October , what the Germans call the Thesenanschlang, is one of the most famous events of Western history.
Oct 29, · Watch video · Acting on this belief, he wrote the “Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences,” also known as “The 95 Theses,” a list of questions and propositions for debate.
Sometime during October 31, , the day before the Feast of All Saints, the year-old Martin Luther posted theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg. The door functioned as a bulletin board for various announcements related to .