English contains a number of sounds and sound distinctions not present in some other languages. Speakers of languages without these sounds may have problems both with hearing and with pronouncing them. Native speakers of ArabicTagalogJapaneseKoreanand important dialects of all current Iberian Romance languages including most of Spanish have difficulty distinguishing [b] and [v], what is known as betacism. This is present in some English registers—known as l-vocalization —but may be shunned as substandard or bring confusion in others.
Fregeau and Robert D. Accomplishing these goals is a challenge for teachers who are typically not prepared in how to accommodate English Language Learners ELLs in assessment or instruction.
Many ELLs are now mainstreamed into regular classrooms. Increasingly mainstream teachers are faced with teaching students who speak English as their second language along with their native English speaking students.
Busy mainstream classroom teachers are often overburdened with many responsibilities that leave them little time to prepare special accommodations for ELLs. Despite this, mainstream teachers are responsible for preparing ELLs to take standardized and teacher-made tests and assessments.
Taking a test can be a very frustrating experience for an English Language Learner. Many ELL students may know the content but are unable to do well on formal examinations designed for native English speakers. Simple strategies will be described for modifying existing tests for ELLs, preparing Ells to take tests and incorporating other forms of assessments esl writing assessment task determine student progress.
Easy Accommodations for Assessing ELLs ELL students benefit most from having assessment accommodations in English rather than assessment translations in their language.
Standardized tests and high school graduation exams are usually given in English. Unless your state makes tests available in the ELL's second language, it is important for ELLs to be practiced and prepared to take these tests in English.
ESL and mainstream teachers can have a difficult time evaluating and assessing the progress of ELL students in their classrooms. Language can be an assessment obstacle, yet there are some simple accommodations busy teachers can employ.
Some general accommodations that fit into both instruction and assessment are: A number of adjustments can be made to already-existing assessments, including tests that will help ELLs perform better. Go through the test before hand and highlight important key terms and phrases.
Literally, use a highlighter, different font, or different colored font to indicate important terms and phrases.
This will draw the ELL's attention to those terms or phrases first. Read the test directions aloud to the student as they follow along to assure understanding. Literally, have the students follow with their fingers!
This way you are ensured they know how to decode the words. Be alert however, since decoding does not necessarily indicate comprehension of meaning.
Have the student demonstrate what they will be doing or check the student to see they actually understood the meaning of the directions. ELLs, especially those who are low-level in reading English, need step by step directions.
The education field is so full of acronyms and specialized words that it can seem like a confusing alphabet soup! Find out what AYP, IEP, , and many other abbreviations and words mean in this glossary of frequently used terms. The education field is so full of acronyms and specialized words that it can seem like a confusing alphabet soup! Find out what AYP, IEP, , and many other abbreviations and words mean in this glossary of frequently used terms. IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 is the second of two writing tasks on the IELTS. Even though Task 1 is by no means easy, most students find IELTS Writing Task 2 more challenging. The purpose of this guide is to help you master the IELTS Writing Task 2 skills you need in order to do well on this.
If directions have multiple steps, give them the directions one step at a time, allowing them to accomplish the first step before telling them the second.
Highlighting or pointing out key words in written directions saves time since the ELL may not need to look up every word. Curtin found that a step by step approach was appropriate for ELLs. Share your class notes or lesson plans with the students, allowing them to do a functional translation.
It will save you instructional time if ELLs have had time outside of class to look up the vocabulary they do not understand. With this strategy they come into class already knowing the basic content. Provide students alternate definitions of commonly used terms that may be confusing.
ELLs may not know the test-taking meaning of terms such as: Give them examples from other students from previous tests or from last year's tests. Accommodate Students Taking Tests Mainstream classroom teachers sometimes do not have much time to make special accommodations for ELLs on tests.
Here are some strategies that require little teacher time: Give the ELL students more time to complete the test. This is the easiest of all accommodations. Allow ELL students to use electronic word-to-word translators during tests. Allow students to use picture dictionaries for a vocabulary check.
Picture dictionaries have pictures illustrating nouns and verbs. The ELL can look for the picture that corresponds to the thing or action they need a word for and then look at the corresponding numbered terms at the bottom of the page.
There are bilingual picture dictionaries, content area picture dictionaries, and picture dictionaries for elementary school students. These are a great tool for both the ELL and the teacher.IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Basics. You have 20 minutes to write at least words for Writing Task 1.
The assignment is a lot like a monthly report that an employee might submit to his or her supervisor at work: the boss only wants relevant facts and data based on the latest company numbers.
Project-Based Learning for Adult English Language Learners. Donna Moss, Arlington (VA) Education and Employment Program (REEP) Carol Van Duzer, National Center for ESL Literacy Education.
Understand the nature of communication Discuss the principles of effective assessment Describe examples of speaking assessment tasks that provide more. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. This English listening Web site created by Randall Davis helps ESL/EFL students improve their listening comprehension skills through practice with self-grading quiz pages.
The noncredit ESL program is tuition free and dedicated to the teaching of non-native speakers of English to enable them to have the language skills necessary to .
Student-directed Assement in ESL/EFL: Designing Scoring Rubrics with Students David Litz UAE University (Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates) davidralitz(at)caninariojana.com Using Classroom Assessment Techniques.
Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) are a set of specific activities that instructors can use to quickly gauge students’ comprehension. Assessment is a multi-faceted issue that has been the focus of considerable attention in education over the past decades.
Before discussing assessment as it directly pertains to ESL students, it is helpful to offer a brief overview of its major aspects.