In any school system, special education is a means of enlarging the capacity of the system to serve the educational needs of all children. The particular function of special education within the schools and the education departments of other institutions is to identify children with unusual needs and to aid in the effective fulfillment of those needs.
Health services organizations in the United States have had to change in recent years as competition brought a new business orientation to the management of medicine.
The traditional healthcare planning focus on public health, community needs and institutional program development had evolved to include a strategic planning orientation responsive to demand, markets and customers.
What had been a relatively stable environment has become an environment of immense change and unpredictability. Health care organizations needed to become flexible, adaptable and knowledgeable in order to meet demands to decrease costs and errors and increase efficiency and quality.
Health service delivery often involves the cooperation and integration of multiple stakeholders in a complex network or multi-provider system[1, 2].
Stakeholder analysis is a process, or set of tools and approaches, designed to seek out and systematically reveal a clear snapshot of the current landscape of an organization in order to inform the development and accomplishment of organizational plans[4, 5].
Overview What is stakeholder analysis? Stakeholder analysis is designed to provide an organization with information to evaluate and understand stakeholders in term of their relevance to a policy or specific activity of the organization. Analysis can produce broad, general understandings which paint the landscape for potential change, or provide a focused lens to highlight concrete steps appropriate to the current situation.
Stakeholder analysis is done to assist the evaluation, implementation, planning and management activities within an organization. Stakeholder analysis is not explicitly one tool but a systematic process that can make use of a range of different methodologies for analyzing stakeholder interests, positions, interrelations, influence, networks and other characteristics relevant to the specific purpose of the inquiry.
Organizations have approached the need to evaluate and understand those individuals, groups and establishments that have an interest stake in their performance and the potential to influence their actions in a variety of ways.
A broad and extensive literature exists concerning stakeholders and how they impact policy, organizational behavior and decision-making processes. The process of gathering and reviewing data can vary in the tools that are used and the time frame and intent of the analysis. The focus of this chapter is the description of a systematic approach to examining stakeholders and a discussion of the purposes for which it can be used, particularly within health services organizations.
Systematic approaches have been developed and used in the health care field for three primary purposes. Analysis is done in order to understand and influence policy, to facilitate the implementation of organizational goals or objectives, both specific decisions and large scale projects, and to determine optimal ways of relating to key stakeholders.
Each purpose can be directed toward current issues or as a part of strategic planning for the future. This awareness may be sparked internally by the expectations of participants or externally by community or regulatory pressures affecting the performance of the organization.
How to do a stakeholder analysis Preparation: What is the purpose of your analysis? The first step in approaching stakeholder analysis is determining the purpose of your inquiry; which in turn determines the time focus of interest and issues to consider in conducting the analysis.
A systematic analysis can focus on the past, present or future and can be a short, rapid process or a long-term, more exhaustive process. When the goal is influencing policy, the focus is often broad, with either a retrospective or prospective lens.
A retrospective focus is appropriate when the aim is learning from past experience, processes or patterns. Historical data helps gain an understanding of situations in their entirety, especially where there is a wide range of stakeholders involved and the situation is complex.
A broad scope, long-term retrospective analysis is fitting for policy analysis. A prospective focus would be appropriate for policy development.address that need, and 3) describe the expected impacts of the program (i.e., build a logic model).
A needs assessment allows educators to demonstrate purposes to conduct needs assessments vary and will influence how the project is approached. Extension is Seven components of a needs assessment plan include: 1.
Write objectives. Stakeholder Needs and Expectations.
Once the business has identified its stakeholders and their importance to the business, it can begin to plan based on their needs and expectations. An understanding of the managing stakeholders process elements allows the project manager to engage with the project stakeholder expectations and needs and to generate actions plans to be used when conflicts are arisen and issues are appeared.
Results: stakeholders interests, expectations, and strategies In this section, we present each of the seven stakeholder groups in terms of its interests, expectations and strategies.
For reasons of readability, we have chosen to preserve a narrative structure that allows us to discuss each point of the various issues for each of the stakeholders.
Stakeholder Needs and Expectations. Once the business has identified its stakeholders and their importance to the business, it can begin to plan . Apr 17, · Free Essays on Describe How The Needs And Expectations Of Stakeholders Influence A Program Plan Search The Consumer as a Business Stakeholder: Responsibilty of a Business to .