To a casual glance, the Pleiades cluster appears as a fuzzy patch like a swarm of flies over the back of the bull. So distinctive are the Pleiades that the ancient Greeks regarded them as a separate mini-constellation and used them as a calendar marker.
Virgo How did the constellations get their names? Most constellation names are Latin in origin, dating from the Roman empire, but their meanings often originated in the distant past of human civilization.
Scorpius, for instance, was given its name from the Latin word for scorpion, but ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs from before B. Orion, the hunter, bears a Greek name, but had been seen as a hunter-hero figure since the times of ancient Babylon. Of course, many of the constellation names are more modern -- Telescopium, the telescope, being a rather obvious newcomer.
In fact, by the 19th century the night sky had become crowded with overlapping and often contradictory constellation boundaries and names as different schools of astronomy prepared their own versions of star maps. To clear up the confusion, names and boundaries were "officially" assigned to 88 constellations by the International Astronomical Union inproviding complete coverage of the entire sky.
How do the signs of the zodiac relate to astronomy? Though many people start their days by checking their horoscope in the newspaper, the 12 constellations of the zodiac are no more important to astronomers than the other 76 constellations.
The significance of the zodiac stems from the fact that the ecliptic -- the narrow path on the sky that the Sun, Moon, and planets appear to follow -- runs directly through these star groupings.
Since ancient times, the Sun, Moon, and planets have been known as special astronomical objects -- they "wander" through the background stars of the zodiac, which remain fixed with respect to each other.
It was reasoned that these zodiacal constellations must be special to make up this path, and the relative positions of the "wandering stars" within them bore great importance. True scientific astronomy has its roots in the attempts of ancient astrologers to predict future occurrences of, for instance, imperial Jupiter and the blood-red planet Mars meeting within the charging bull of Taurus -- a potentially powerful omen for those who believed the planets represented the gods themselves.Meaning: "a charioteer, driver," also the name of the constellation, which is often explained as from aureae "reins, bridle of a See more definitions.
Charioteer of Delphi, close up head detail. The Charioteer of Delphi, also known as Heniokhos (Greek: Ηνίοχος, the rein -holder), is one of the best-known statues surviving from Ancient Greece, and is considered one of the finest examples of ancient bronze sculptures.
The life-size (m) statue of a chariot driver was found in at the .
Auriga, however, is sometimes described as Myrtilus, who was Hermes's son and the charioteer of Oenomaus. The association of Auriga and Myrtilus is supported by depictions of the constellation, which rarely show a chariot. Chapter 5: Introducing the Variable Star Astronomy Constellations Introduction Early observers organized stars into easily most common name for the brightest star in the constellation Auriga is “Capella,” although it has been given other names by other cultures.
The scientific name of this star. Auriga, the Charioteer Auriga, the celestial charioteer, has neither chariot nor horse. Instead, he's drawn as a man holding the reins in his right hand, with a goat on his left shoulder — the star Capella — and two baby goats in his left arm.
However, since the introduction of precise constellation boundaries in , astronomers have assigned this star exclusively to Taurus as Beta Tauri and there is no longer a Gamma Aurigae.
Hence, under the modern scheme, the bull has kept the tip of his horn but the luckless charioteer has lost his right foot.