His father, James Earl Carter, Sr. In the Navy he became a submariner, serving in both the Atlantic and Pacific fleets and rising to the rank of lieutenant. Chosen by Admiral Hyman Rickover for the nuclear submarine program, he was assigned to Schenectady, New York, where he took graduate work at Union College in reactor technology and nuclear physics, and served as senior officer of the pre-commissioning crew of the Seawolf, the second nuclear submarine. On July 7,he married Rosalynn Smith of Plains.
Governor of Georgia, Jimmy Carter Biography Jimmy Carter aspired to make Government "competent and compassionate," responsive to the American people and their expectations.
His achievements were notable, but in an era of rising energy costs, mounting inflation, and continuing tensions, it was impossible for his administration to meet these high expectations.
Carter, who has rarely used his full name--James Earl Carter, Jr. Peanut farming, talk of politics, and devotion to the Baptist faith were mainstays of his upbringing.
After seven years' service as a naval officer, Carter returned to Plains. In he entered state politics, and eight years later he was elected Governor of Georgia. Among the new young southern governors, he attracted attention by emphasizing ecology, efficiency in government, and the removal of racial barriers.
Carter announced his candidacy for President in December and began a two-year campaign that gradually gained momentum. At the Democratic Convention, he was nominated on the first ballot.
He chose Senator Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota as his running mate. Carter campaigned hard against President Gerald R.
Ford, debating with him three times. Carter won by electoral votes to for Ford. Carter worked hard to combat the continuing economic woes of inflation and unemployment.
By the end of his administration, he could claim an increase of nearly eight million jobs and a decrease in the budget deficit, measured in percentage of the gross national product.
Unfortunately, inflation and interest rates were at near record highs, and efforts to reduce them caused a short recession. Carter could point to a number of achievements in domestic affairs.
He dealt with the energy shortage by establishing a national energy policy and by decontrolling domestic petroleum prices to stimulate production.
He prompted Government efficiency through civil service reform and proceeded with deregulation of the trucking and airline industries. He sought to improve the environment.
His expansion of the national park system included protection of million acres of Alaskan lands. To increase human and social services, he created the Department of Education, bolstered the Social Security system, and appointed record numbers of women, blacks, and Hispanics to Government jobs.
In foreign affairs, Carter set his own style. His championing of human rights was coldly received by the Soviet Union and some other nations. He succeeded in obtaining ratification of the Panama Canal treaties.
Building upon the work of predecessors, he established full diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and completed negotiation of the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union. There were serious setbacks, however. The seizure as hostages of the U.
The consequences of Iran's holding Americans captive, together with continuing inflation at home, contributed to Carter's defeat in Even then, he continued the difficult negotiations over the hostages.
Iran finally released the 52 Americans the same day Carter left office.(James Earl Carter, Jr.) Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.), thirty-ninth president of the United States, was born October 1, , in the small farming town of Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery.
James Earl Carter, Jr. was born on October 1st, to James Earl Carter, Sr. and Lillian Gordon-Carter.
Born in Plains, Georgia, his mother was a nurse who crossed segregated lines to treat African American patients. He was born James Earl Carter Jr., on October 1 st, , in Plains, Georgia, to Bessie Lillian Gordy, a nurse, and James Earl Carter Sr., a businessman and investor in farmland.
Jimmy grew up in a rural environment, and was a good student. James Earl Carter Sr.
(September 12, – July 22, ) was an American businessman, farmer, and legislator from Plains, Georgia. He was the father of former President of the United States, Jimmy Carter, Gloria Carter Spann, Ruth Carter Stapleton, and William Alton "Billy" Carter Early life.
Watch video · James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, in Plains, Georgia. His father, James Sr., was a hardworking peanut farmer who owned his own . Biography of Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.) Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.), thirty-ninth president of the United States, was born October 1, , in the small farming town of Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery.